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Boma specifications and boma maintenance

Size:
The size and shape of the boma may vary, but it is important that Cheetah in the boma have enough room to move freely and seek refuge from extreme weather. The ability of the Cheetah in the boma to conceal itself from visiting predators reduces the possibility of mortality due to Capture Myopathy. Some reserve managers have reported that a smaller bomas forces closer interaction with humans and results in more habituated Cheetah.
Preferably 100m × 100m or minimum 100m × 50m

Fence:

Option A:

  • Bonnox fencing from steel wire;
  • 2.4m high with minimum 50cm apron (folded over on the ground towards the inside of the boma)
  • Rocks to be packed onto the folded fence;
  • Electrification recommended with three live strands on the lower half of the fence;
  • Electrification on the outside recommended preventing other predators getting into the boma (this is only applicable if there are Lion, Leopard and Spotted Hyena in the reintroduction reserve).

Option B:

Standard game fence;

  • Three live strands on the lower half of the fence using double offset brackets (live/neutral);
  • A trip wire 450mm away from the fence at 150mm high on the inside – refer to diagram below;
  • Electrification on the outside recommended preventing other predators getting into the boma (if applicable).

Water should be available to the Cheetah at all times. The water source should be designed in such a manner that it can be drained and filled from the outside of the boma. A corridor and corner camp should be erected inside the boma. The Cheetah should be fed in this area. In this way old carcasses can be removed without entering the main boma and Cheetah can be easily handled for veterinary purposes. The absence of herbivores from the boma often results in disproportionate plant growth. Grass in the boma needs to be cut before bringing Cheetah in.